Commonly Used Terms & Definitions
Below is a short list of some commonly used terms and their definitions as used on this website:
Evidence-Based Interventions are interventions that have undergone scientific evaluation, have demonstrated their ability to achieve outcomes of importance to family caregivers, and have been thoroughly described in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
Implementation is the process of putting a new program into usage. True implementation is a process that occurs over a 2-4 year period, and includes distinct stages as described by the National Implementation Research Network:
- Exploration and Adoption
- Program Installation
- Initial Implementation
- Full Operation
Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) A study in which people are allocated at random (by chance alone) to receive one of several clinical interventions. One of these interventions is the standard of comparison or control. The control may be a standard practice, a placebo (“sugar pill”), or no intervention at all. Someone who takes part in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is called a participant or subject. RCTs seek to measure and compare the outcomes after the participants receive the interventions. The RCT is considered “the gold standard” of evaluation methods because it best controls threats to internal validity through random assignment of subjects.
Translation of an evidence-based intervention is a collaborative process with the aim of replicating the core elements and outcomes of the original intervention in a community-based (non-research) setting.This process involves active dialogue, problem solving, and cooperation between the intervention developer (also known as “principal investigator”) and the practice setting.